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Ethics & Emotions

Ethics & Emotions

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The Intersection of Emotions and Ethics: Emotions as moral motivators

Exploring how emotions influence our ethical decisions unveils a complex interplay between feelings and moral reasoning. Here's a concise exploration of how emotions drive ethical behaviour, providing insight into the underpinnings of ethical decision-making for UPSC aspirants.

Introduction to Emotions in Ethics

Philosophers and psychologists have debated the role of emotions as moral motivators.

Kant and Hume represent opposing views on the necessity of emotion in ethical decision-making.

Categories of Moral Emotions

  1. Self-Conscious Emotions: Shame, embarrassment, and guilt motivate adherence to societal norms and personal moral guidelines.

  2. Other-Condemning Emotions: Anger, disgust, and contempt, responding to injustices and immorality.

  3. Other-Suffering Emotions: Empathy and compassion are essential for understanding and responding to others' pain.

  4. Other-Praising Emotions: Gratitude, awe, and elevation enrich our connections and aspirations.

For UPSC aspirants, recognizing the influence of emotions on ethical decision-making is essential. It enriches their understanding of ethics, preparing them for real-world challenges where emotions and moral principles are invariably intertwined.



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